Yekaterinburg Declaration of the Heads of the Member States of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation
In accordance with the outcome of the Heads of State Council meeting held on 15
and 16 June 2009 in Yekaterinburg the heads of the member states of the Shanghai
Cooperation Organisation state the following:
1. Serious changes are taking place in the contemporary international
environment. Aspiration to peace and sustainable development, promotion of equal
cooperation became the spirit of the times. The tendency towards true
multipolarity is irreversible. There is a growing significance of the regional
aspect in settling global problems.
The SCO member states, reaffirming their commitment to common development on the
basis of the principles and provisions of the Charter of the Shanghai
Cooperation Organisation and the Treaty on Long-Term Good-Neighbourly Relations,
Friendship and Cooperation among the SCO Member States, consider as a priority
task maintaining constructive dialogue and deepening close interaction and
partnership to jointly seek effective ways of resolving global and regional
problems with the use of the growing potential and international prestige of the
2. The SCO member states believe that international cooperation is a basic and
efficient instrument for countering new challenges and threats, coping with the
global financial crisis, ensuring energy and food security and settling such a
pressing issue as climate change.
3. The current situation in the global economic and financial sector points to
the need to increase cooperation of the international community in the field of
controlling and managing international finances, making joint efforts to prevent
the growth and spread of financial crisis risks, maintaining economic stability.
The member states of the Organisation together with the international community
intend to make efforts for the formation of a more just, equal, all-embracing
and well-regulated international financial regime which takes into account a
true balance of interests of all its participants and gives all States equal
access to the advantages of globalisation.
To that end interaction and sharing of information must be strengthened as
regards the international financial sector and the issues of tackling the
consequences of the global financial crisis in the SCO region.
4. In current circumstances the SCO member states underline the growing
significance of bolstering trade, economic and investment cooperation in the
framework of the Organisation, including involving the potential of the observer
states and dialogue partners.
The parties noted the need to speed up the implementation of major projects
which are designed to ensure the expansion of transport communication
capabilities of the region and access to world markets, development of social
infrastructure, formation of modern international centres for logistics, trade
and tourism, construction of new factories, introduction of innovative and
energy-saving technologies, including renewable sources of energy.
The implementation of these projects, arrangement of international transport
corridors, modernisation of railways and motorways will create preconditions for
strengthening the potential of the region as a transcontinental bridge and
giving a new impulse to the development of economic links between Europe and
5. The SCO member states, noting the key significance of energy sector for
successful economic development and creation of favourable preconditions for
improving the living standards of their citizens, express determination to
further advance mutually beneficial cooperation in this field on the basis of
equality with the aim of ensuring effective, reliable and environmentally safe
6. The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation proceeds from the need to further
cement the legal foundations of international relations determined by generally
accepted principles and norms of the international law and international
obligations of States.
Strengthening the central and coordinating role of the United Nations
Organisation in world affairs, enhancing the effectiveness of its mechanisms
with the aim of adequately responding to modern challenges, changing political
and economic reality remains an urgent task. The reform of the UN Security
Council must gain as much wider consensus of members of the international
The SCO member states intend to strengthen coordination on the issues of
reforming the UN and its Security Council.
7. The SCO member states stress the significance of the issue of ensuring
international information security as one of the key elements of the common
system of international security.
8. The SCO member states, reaffirming their commitment to a dialogue of
civilisations, values of peace, tolerance, mutual respect and consent in
international and interdenominational relations, irrespective of ethnic origin,
religious and other beliefs, oppose drawing parallels between the fight against
international terrorism and confrontation against any particular religion.
9. Maintenance of international peace is possible only in conditions of equal
security for all States. The security of some states must not be achieved to the
detriment of the security of others.
Settlement of international and regional conflicts must be conducted by
political diplomatic means on the basis of the principles of equality and mutual
respect, non-interference in internal affairs of sovereign states.
The attempts to achieve unilateral advantages in defence field are
counterproductive as they undermine the strategic balance and stability in the
world, do not benefit confidence building, reduction of arms and disarmament.
10. The SCO member states note that proliferation of nuclear weapons poses a
serious threat to international peace and security.
The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NNPT) is the basic
element of the international regime on the prevention of proliferation of
nuclear weapons. Threats of proliferation of nuclear weapons can and must be
eliminated on the basis of the NNPT provided that its parties unconditionally
fulfill their obligations. The SCO member states reaffirm their strong support
for the NNPT, welcome the multilateral efforts on its reinforcement, and are
determined to move towards raising the effectiveness of the Treaty on the basis
of the unity of its three key components: non-proliferation, disarmament,
peaceful use of nuclear energy.
The SCO member states reiterate their intention to assist further implementation
of the Russia – U.S. initiative on fighting against acts of nuclear terrorism,
and also welcome the coming into effect on 21 March 2009 of the Treaty on
Establishing a Nuclear Free Zone in Central Asia.
11. The SCO member states welcome the start of Russo-American negotiations on
drafting a Treaty on the Reduction of Offensive Strategic Arms.
12. The SCO member states stand up for resuming the process of negotiations on
the denuclearisation of the Korean peninsula. They call to show restraint and
continue the search for mutually acceptable solutions on the basis of the
previously reached agreements.
13. The SCO member states express grave concern over the complicated situation
in Afghanistan related to illicit drug trafficking, terrorism and transnational
organised crime which pose a threat to the whole international community.
In this regard the parties acknowledged the need to increase interaction with
the SCO observer states, Afghanistan and other states concerned, as well as with
regional and international organisations, first and foremost, the UN and its
The SCO member states in close interaction with other states and international
organisations concerned intend to establish anti-narcotic and financial security
belts in the region.
14. The SCO member states welcome the end of an internal military conflict in
Sri Lanka, and express hope for establishing a firm peace, strengthening
security and stability in the country on the basis of ensuring its state
sovereignty and territorial integrity, guaranteeing the rights of all ethnic and
15. The SCO member states consider as a priority task enhancing the
effectiveness of interaction in the field of a timely joint response to natural
and manmade emergency events, implementing a set of measures aimed to diminish
their impact on society and economy.
16. The SCO member states attach special importance to strengthening cooperation
in the field of effective counteraction against the threat of dangerous
infections and other infectious diseases. To that end the parties acknowledged
the need to mobilise available resources and launch joint work on preventing the
spread of epidemic diseases.
17. The SCO member countries state that the Organisation has become an essential
element of the fledgling system of security and cooperation in the Asia Pacific
Noting with satisfaction the growing interest of the international community in
establishing ties with the SCO, they welcome the joining of the Republic of
Belarus and the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka to cooperation in the
SCO framework as dialogue partners.
The SCO member states stand ready to expand practical interaction with the
United Nations Organisation, Commonwealth of Independent States, Association of
South-East Asian Nations, Eurasian Economic Community, Collective Security
Treaty Organisation, Economic Cooperation Organisation, United Nations Economic
and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, other international and regional
organisations, and to create on this basis a wide partnership network.
The SCO member states are open to dialogue aimed to bring States closer together
and facilitate the building of a more just world order, to cement global
stability and economic development.