Speech by President Islam Karimov at SCO Summit in Tashkent (extended meeting)
June 11, 2010, Tashkent
Distinguished heads of states!
Dear participants of the Summit!
We now have every reason to assert that for a relatively short
period of time, Shanghai Cooperation Organization formed in 2001 has
become an influential international organization of modern geopolitics.
Critical in the development of SCO has
been the introduction of an institution of observers in the
Organization, as well as partners in dialogue. Crucial have been the
memoranda of understanding with ASEAN, CIS, and Joint Declaration on Cooperation between
the Secretariats of SCO and the UN signed
during UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon's visit to Tashkent in April
I am convinced that the document will facilitate to actively engage
the UN podium to address the issues on the SCO
agenda, and to jointly promote the interests of member states.
During this Summit, we plan to approve the regulations on procedures
for accession of new members. SCO is thus
making a next step in its development - it opens the way for its
enlargement with incorporation of new full-fledged members, and for
further advancing its interests in a globalizing world.
It goes without saying that the approval of regulations does not
imply automatic expansion of SCO membership by
the inclusion of present-day observer nations.
Approval of the regulations only creates a legal basis for admission
of new members to the Organization.
I am confident that an important step in securing SCO's further
dynamic development, in perfecting the legal framework of its work will
be the rules of procedure of the Organization expecting approval in the
course of this Summit. Realization of this document is to add a systemic
configuration to the SCO and its constituent
bodies, and ensure high quality in developing and implementing the
documents and decisions adopted within SCO.
Overall, if we critically assess the consistency of ongoing work
aimed at shaping the SCO, it would be
completely reasonable to suggest that there has been a thoughtful,
steady and focused process of development of SCO
and uplifting its weight in the international arena, bolstering the
role and capacities of the Organization in accomplishing its core goals
that constitute boosting peace, stability and security, ensuring
sustainable economic development, expansion of socially oriented and
humanitarian cooperation within SCO.
Dear attendees of the Summit!
The next issue I would like to draw your attention to is Afghan
problem. This subject matter has long been a key topic, which no single SCO meeting has failed to address, and which
continues to be at the heart of our attention today.
There is no need to prove that without solving the problem in
Afghanistan, which has for the past 30 years torn in war, it is
impossible to talk about peace and stability in Central Asia.
I am certain that people in this room are well aware of the
fundamental nature of Uzbekistan's proposal to tackle the crisis in
Afghanistan - an initiative with a concise title as a "6 +3"
peace-building group whose essence comprises the following:
First. There is no military solution to the Afghan problem. We
talked about this in April 2008 at a meeting of EAPC/NATO
in Bucharest and other international forums, while today it is the
subject of discussion by very many leaders of nations involved in
resolving the crisis in Afghanistan.
Second. In addressing the conflict and stability in Afghanistan,
priority should be directed at the provision of targeted economic
assistance to the long-suffering Afghan people, at the construction of
transport and communications and social infrastructure, ensuring
population's employment, and resolution of pressing problems of
Third. It is necessary that the historical, ethno-demographic
characteristics of Afghanistan, ages-old customs, traditional values of
Islam that are adhered to by the multinational and multi-religious
people of the country, be taken into account and respected.
Fourth. Without engaging the people of Afghanistan and all - without
exception - opposing forces, ethnic and religious groups in the process
of reconciliation, and without reaching consensus among them, the war
in Afghanistan may last long.
Fifth. An active participation of three key players - the United
States, Russia and NATO - in this process is
important. Decisive here is reliance on neighboring nations, the
countries, I stress, that directly border Afghanistan. Only with
engaging these countries with influence on ethnic groups in Afghanistan,
will it be possible to hope for a positive outcome.
And, crucially, all these problems must be addressed with the
leading role, and under the auspices, of the United Nations.
Speaking about regional security and stability, I would like to very
briefly touch upon the situation in Kyrgyzstan. Uzbekistan's relations
to the events in this republic are clearly reflected in the statement of
the Uzbek Foreign Ministry made on April 9, 2010. We believe this is an
internal affair of Kyrgyzstan, and that says everything.
I believe that the public and the people of Kyrgyzstan have enough
practical wisdom and reason to solve the difficult situation that is
developing today in this country.
The Declaration of the SCO Summit in
Tashkent that we are going to sign today fixes the common position of
member states on this issue. Its main essence is to express our
solidarity with the Kyrgyz people, common concerns over the difficult
situation in the country, readiness to render necessary assistance to
the Kyrgyz Republic in order to faster stabilize the situation and
legitimize the authorities and to strengthen the socio-economic
situation in the country.
The next issue I would like to briefly touch upon is the problems of
post-crisis economic recovery that concern many countries in the world.
With each passing day, the correctness of assessments of many
reputable experts and analysts becomes apparent, that despite the fact
that the peak phases of the global financial crisis have largely been
passed, a difficult, painful and a rather long phase of exit and
recovery is still to come. And this does not exclude the return in some
countries of the decline of production, continuance of high
unemployment, decline of real incomes of the population, and serious
strains in the financial and banking markets.
The continued pumping of the marker with huge funds while
significantly increasing the share of problem and non-performing loans,
as well as inadequate control of banking and financial sector
activities, have created conditions for increase of speculative capital
and growth of bubbles in the stock and commodity markets, which could
lead to new collapses in financial and currency markets, with all
This is not mention the fact that the increased emission of monetary
and payment funds leads, firstly, to their depreciation and loss of
attractiveness of mainly convertible currencies and, secondly, creates a
potentially dangerous situation of the rising inflation.
State budget deficits and state debts have acquired serious, and in
some countries threatening, scale, which puts huge strain on the
financial sector, limits expenditures and reduces demand in domestic and
We are all very pleased that the global financial crisis has had a
relatively weak effect on most countries in the Asian region, and many
of them have been overcoming its consequences quite confidently.
However, given the interconnectedness and interdependence of the
processes of development of the global economy, we should not forget
that emerging and growing problem of overcoming the crisis and
recovering the economy and finance, regardless of where they occur, can
have a dramatic impact on all countries and regions.
Speaking about the situation on the implementation of anti-crisis
and post-crisis programs in the Central Asian region, I would like to
highlight one very important issue, in our view, which has a decisive
importance in addressing the continuing problems here - the development
This includes projects of construction and reconstruction of
automobile, railway and air transport communications, as well as
information and communication links, both of domestic and cross-border
We all know what a deep trace in the history of the mankind was left
by the Great Silk Road, which in the ancient times linked the countries
of the East and West, and which proved how crucial the geographical and
geopolitical position of the Central Asian region could be.
The 21st century that we live in - the age of globalization and
great changes - strongly puts on the agenda the issue of the necessity
and obvious importance of modern communications, logistic centers,
various hubs, which constitute a necessary component of the regional and
global processes - processes of integration and cooperation.
This is especially important since, as the practice of building and
formation of such communication centers on the wide territory of our
region shows, companies of supplying and purchasing countries, both in
the East and in the West, are definitely interested in them.
Construction of roads, railways and related stations and cargo
transshipment points, given their great labor intensiveness, can be a
powerful source of employment and income for local people, thus solving
one of the largest and key aspects of ensuring stability in the region.
Moreover, the solution to all these complex issues can become one of the
main levers of progress and improving the sustainability of
socio-economic development of the region.
However, all these tasks can only be realized with serious financial
support from international financial institutions and sponsor states,
provided that these issues are in the center of attention of the world
Thank you for your attention.
City of Tashkent,
June 11, 2010